Diabetes and Exercise

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Diabetes and Exercise

by Valerie on July 17, 2010

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The Role of Exercise in Diabetes

Many people with type 2 diabetes can control the disease through weight loss, diet and lifestyle changes.

Physical activity is a key component of lifestyle change. In addition to helping a patient lose weight, exercise leads to a reduction in body fat, blood pressure and to avoid symptoms of insulin resistance.

While experts agree on the importance of exercise, there is less agreement on which type of exercise will most benefit people with type 2 diabetes symptoms.

That’s what this study called The Health Benefits of Aerobic and Resistance Training in Individuals with Type 2 Diabetes is trying to determine.

…we wish to compare the effect of resistance training alone, resistance in combination with aerobic training, and aerobic training alone to standard care on HbA1C, in initially sedentary women and men with T2D. The primary outcome measure is HbA1C, an integrated measure of blood glucose control over the past 8-12 weeks. Other outcomes of interest include homeostasis model assessment (HOMA), resting blood pressure, C-reactive protein (CRP), visceral adiposity, total body fat, and lean muscle mass as measured by DEXA, cardiorespiratory fitness, muscular strength, and metabolic measures including serum cholesterol and triglycerides….

Tim Church, M.D., Ph.D., Exercise Researcher with Pennington Biomedical Research Center in Baton Rouge, LA, says other studies have provided conflicting results on the benefits of different types of exercise for type 2 diabetes Church says skeletal muscles use a significant amount of glucose. So, the researchers are also doing muscle biopsies in a select group of participants to determine how the exercises affect skeletal muscles.

Diabetes Info:

When we eat, the body converts sugars and starches into glucose, the pancreas releases insulin. In people with type 2 diabetes, the pancreas either doesn’t produce enough insulin and/or the body is unable to effectively use the hormone.

In either case, the cells are deprived of energy, despite high levels of glucose circulating in the blood. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimates about 23.6 million Americans have signs and symptoms of diabetes. Roughly 90 to 95 percent of patients have type 2. Most patients are older adults who are overweight and sedentary. However, doctors are seeing an increasing number of type 2 diabetes cases in children who are obese and don’t get enough exercise.

Over time, high levels of blood glucose damage the walls of the arteries and tissues. Diabetes increases the risk for high blood pressure, kidney disease, blindness, nerve disease, gum disease, slowed healing times and amputations. The CDC reports the cost of diabetes to the U.S. in 2007 was $174 billion.

Related:

American Diabetes Association Home Page – American Diabetes …

Diabetes mellitus – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

WebMD Diabetes Center: Types, Causes, Symptoms, Tests, and Treatments

Blogs:

Diabetes and Exercise – WSOC Charlotte | Markovics Rally E-Team

bigfaqs.com » who does diabetes affect and is it likely to run in …

Bill Brennan’s Blog: Resistance exercise better than aerobic for …

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